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J.R. Poll

"The leading rule for the lawyer, as for the man of every other calling, is diligence. Leave nothing for tomorrow which can be done today."

Abraham Lincoln

Key Service Areas

  • Appellate Law
  • Defense of Physicians and Professionals
  • Insurance Defense


legal assistant - Sara Bos

About J.R.

What type of clients do you serve?

As an appellate attorney, I frequently represent clients in appellate courts who are seeking to challenge or defend a lower court order on appeal.  Practicing in both the trial court and the appellate court, I provide my clients with a unique advantage.  I prepare and argue significant motions with an eye toward potential appellate implications effectively preserving appellate issues and positioning my clients’ cases for appeal.  My knowledge of appellate procedure, persuasive writing, and effective oral advocacy skills consistently produce excellent appellate results for my clients.

At the trial court level, I serve healthcare providers facing medical malpractice claims.  I have extensive experience in expert consultation and taking expert depositions.  I frequently prepare and defend significant motions in malpractice actions including challenges to expert qualification and admissibility of expert opinions.  I excel in analyzing damage claims and developing strategies to minimize my clients’ exposure to large damage claims. I have had the privilege to represent healthcare providers practicing in a variety of specialties including emergency medicine, internal medicine, radiology, neurosurgery, urology, general surgery, orthopedic surgery, bariatric surgery and obstetrics, and gynecology.

Describe key representative highlights from your appellate practice

Herman v Berrien County

I successfully represented the individual Plaintiffs-Appellants in an appeal as of right from the trial court’s order granting summary disposition in favor of Berrien County.  The primary issue on appeal was whether Berrien County’s operation of a shooting range in Coloma Township was subject to the Coloma Township Zoning Ordinance.  This issue had been the subject of litigation starting in 2005.  I prepared the brief on appeal, presented oral argument in the Court of Appeals and obtained reversal of the trial court’s order in a published opinion.  Herman v Berrien County, 317 Mich App 127 (2016).  The Michigan Supreme Court initially granted Berrien County’s application for leave to appeal.  I prepared the brief on appeal on behalf of the Plaintiffs-Appellants and presented oral argument before the Michigan Supreme Court.  Three weeks after oral argument, the Supreme Court vacated its prior order granting leave to appeal and denied the County’s application.  This order preserved my clients’ victory in the published Court of Appeals opinion. 

Hoogenstyn v Orthopaedic Associates of Grand Rapids

I successfully represented the Defendants-Appellees in the Plaintiff’s appeal as of right from the trial court’s order finding the plaintiff’s expert unqualified to offer the standard of care testimony under MCL 600.2169. The Court of Appeals affirmed in a unanimous unpublished opinion.  (COA Docket #: 332063). I successfully represented the Defendants-Appellees with respect to Plaintiff’s Application for Leave to Appeals to the Michigan Supreme Court resulting in the denial of Plaintiff’s Application.

Sytsma v Hastings Internal Medicine

I successfully represented the Defendants-Appellees in the Plaintiff’s interlocutory appeal challenging the trial court’s orders dismissing plaintiff’s wrongful death claim and denying plaintiff’s motion to exclude the testimony of the defense oncology expert. The Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court on both issues in a unanimous unpublished opinion.  (COA Docket #: 336939). 

What has been the most exciting news you delivered to a client?

The most rewarding and exciting experiences in my career have been when I inform my client of an excellent result, such as the dismissal of a case or resolution of an appeal in their favor. My clients’ relief and gratitude in those situations remind me of the importance of the work I do on behalf of the healthcare providers and other clients. Seeing their peace of mind further motivates me to work diligently on behalf of the healthcare providers who provide excellent medical care and treatment in our community.


Michigan State University College of Law, J.D., summa cum laude, 2006

Grand Valley State University, B.A., 2002

Q: What do you enjoy most about being a lawyer?


I enjoy the variety of the work I do as a lawyer and the endless opportunities to learn. I also enjoy the opportunity to meet and become acquainted with some of the talented and hard-working healthcare professionals who provide medical treatment services in our community.


Grand Rapids Bar Association

State Bar of Michigan

Bar Admission


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